Wednesday, 7 November 2012

DIFFERENCE BETWEEN MEN & WOMEN IN PRAYER POSTURES


Note : This is a Fiqhi topic and one must not take it to extremes. It is our duty to convey what is confirmed and also to chalk-line/describe that which is weak. Muslims should not criticize each other in a harsh way when discussing fiqhi issues. Don't forget we all are brothers in faith. The below document is a brief article on this topic . For a detail refutation on this topic (regarding the weak hadeeth and opinions) see the link at the end. 

Note: Method to pray salah and its postures -Step by Step with Images 

http://the-finalrevelation.blogspot.in/2012/11/pray-salah-step-by-step-with-posture.html

NO DIFFERENCE IN POSTURES IS PROVEN FROM SAHEEH AHADEETH

There is no specific command or guidance from the Messenger of Allah (s.a.w) stating a difference between the postures of the male or female believing slave while in the state of prayer

There are some narrations in some books, which attribute a change of method in posture for the women during salah and this view has also been accepted by some of the scholars. However, All those narrations have been proven to be weak and some as fabricated. [For details see : http://www.systemoflife.com/fiqh/salah/148-difference-in-the-prayer-of-women-and-men-right-or-wrong#axzz2BQ1hhNkX

The correct ruling regarding the Prayer posture between Men and Women is that "There is no difference in the postures between men and women" for two reasons 

1) The ahadeeth which mention the different postures between men and women are weak 

2) Rasool (s.a.w) said " Pray as you have seen me praying" [Reported by al-Bukhaaree in [the book of] al-Adhaan no.595, & ad-Daarimee in [the book of] as-Salaat no.1225]

  • Objection by some brethren : Applying your hadeeth we can say that Prophet (s.a.w) wore a turban and etc.... so women ought to do the same right?

  • Answer : Prophet (s.a.w) said " Pray as you have seen me praying" and not "WEAR as you have seen me WEARING" lol 


Narrated Ibn Shihab:

Once’Umar bin ‘Abdul ‘Aziz delayed the prayer and ‘Urwa bin Az-Zubair went to him and said, “Once in ‘Iraq, Al-Mughra bin Shu’ba delayed his prayers and Abi Mas’ud Al-Ansari went to him and said, ‘O Mughira! What is this? Don’t you know that once Gabriel came and offered the prayer (Fajr prayer) and Allah’s Apostle prayed too, then he prayed again (Zuhr prayer) and so did Allah’s Apostle and again he prayed (‘Asr prayers and Allah’s Apostle did the same; again he prayed (Maghrib-prayer) and so did Allah’s Apostle and again prayed (‘Isha prayer) and so did Allah’s Apostle and (Gabriel) said, ‘I was ordered to do so (to demonstrate the prayers prescribed to you)....cont. [Ref: Bukhari, Volume 1, Book 10, Number 500]

Points to be Noted:

  • From The Above hadith we learn that jibrael (a.s) taught rasool (s.a.w) how to pray and nowhere did he mention a different type of posture for women or a different kind of prayer for women. 



The general principle is that women are equal to men in all religious rulings, because of the hadeeth "Women are the twin halves of men" (Reported by Imaam Ahmad and classified as saheeh in Saheeh al-Jaami’ 1983), except when there is evidence of a specific ruling which applies only to women

Hence It is an act of Sunnah for a woman to perform Salah in the same manner as men are ordered to perform it. This includes Ruku`(bowing), Sujud (prostration), placing the hands on the chest when in the standing position, spreading the fingers out on the knees when in the bowing position, raising the hands parallel to the shoulders or earlobes, and leveling them back in Ruku (i.e Rafa 'al yadain) so on and so forth. I.e with regards to postures, in accordance to sahih ahadeeth they (the postures) are the same for men and women.


THE ONLY DIFFERENCES WITH REGARDS TO PRAYER BETWEEN MEN AND WOMEN ARE

1) Women do not have to give adhaan or iqaamah, because adhaan requires raising the voice, which women are not permitted to do

2) All of the woman’s body is ‘awrah and must be covered during prayer, except for her face, because the Prophet (SAWW) said: "No prayer will be accepted from an adult woman unless she wears a khimaar (head-cover). (Sahih Al Bukhaari). Prophet (s.a.w) is reported to say that the entire body of a women is awrah' except her face and hands. Hence while prayer the women should cover the feet and the below hadeeth clarifies this :

It was narrated that Ibn ‘Umar (may Allah be pleased with him) said: The Messenger of Allah (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) said: “Whoever lets his garment drag out of pride, Allah will not look at him on the Day of Resurrection.” Umm Salamah said: What should women do with their hems? He said: “They should let them down a hand span.” She said: THEN HER FEET WILL SHOW. He said: “Then let it down a cubit, but no more than that.” [Narrated by al-Tirmidhi (1731); he said: This is a saheeh hasan hadeeth. Also narrated by al-Nasaa’i (5336). The hadeeth was classed as saheeh by al-Albaani in al-Silsilah al-Saheehah, 1864]


3) The author of al-Mughni (2/328) said: "As for the rest of the free woman’s body, it must be covered during prayer. If any part becomes uncovered, it renders her prayer invalid, except if only a little bit is uncovered. Maalik, al-Awzaa’i and al-Shaafi’i said the same

4) It is preferable for women to pray in congregation, led by one of their number, because the Prophet (s.a.w) told Umm Waraqah to lead the women of her household in prayer.[Sunan Abu Dawood 500 and Daraqutni]

5) The woman leading the prayer should read aloud as long as no non-mahram man can hear her

6) It is permissible for women to go out and pray in the mosque with men, although their prayer at home is better for them, because the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: "Do not prevent the women from going out to the mosques, even though their homes are better for them." [(Reported by Abu Dawud in al-Sunan, Baab maa jaa’a fee khurooj al-nisaa’ ilaa’l-masjid: Baab al-tashdeed fee dhaalik. See also Saheeh al-Jaami‘, no. 7458)]

7) She should not wear perfume or Hijaab in a way that it will attract the Non Mehrams .


 "Women differ from men in congregational prayer in a number of ways: 

(1) Congregational prayer is not required (compulsory) of them in the same way as it is of men.

(2) The imam of a group of women stands in the middle of the (first) row and this is the opinion of 'Aisha , Umm salamah and Ibn Abbas (r.a) as quoted by Imam Nawawi (r.h)

(3) (If one woman and one man are praying), she should stand behind him, not next to him or front of him.

(4) If women are praying in rows behind men, the back rows are better for them than the front rows

To know the refutes to the ahadeeth mentioning the differences please visit : http://www.systemoflife.com/fiqh/salah/148-difference-in-the-prayer-of-women-and-men-right-or-wrong#axzz2BQ1hhNkX

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