Saturday, 21 June 2014

THE IMPORTANCE OF RECITING THE QURAN DURING RAMADAN

















TABLE OF CONTENTS


1) Some Virtues and Benefits of Reciting Qur`an 


2) SOME WEAK OR ODD NARRATIONS 


3) THE PRACTISE OF THE SALAF IN READING THE QUR`AN


4) THE MANNER OF RECITING THE QUR`AN AND THE PREFERRED TIMING 

- THE FAVOURED TIMING FOR RECITING QUR`AN DURING RAMADAN AND IN REGULAR DAYS IS NIGHT 


5) THE SORROW OF FORGETTING THE QURAN 


6) THE SAHEEH VIRTUES OF DIFFERENT SURAHS 


REFERENCES 





1) Some Virtues and Benefits of Reciting Qur`an 


1.1)




من قَرَأَ الْقُرْآن وأعربه فَلهُ بِكُل حرف مِنْهُ عشر حَسَنَات وَمن قَرَأَهُ ولحن فِيهِ فَلهُ بِكُل حرف مِنْهُ حَسَنَة


The prophet (sallalahu `alayhi wa sallam) said : 


"Whoever recites the Recitation and expresses it, so for him in every letter from it is ten good deeds, and whoever recites it  and (despite him trying his best, he) makes grammatical errors in it, so for him in every letter from it is a good deed"


[Ref:  It is found in ‘al-Mihrar feel-Fiqh’ (1/73) from Muhammad bin Muflih, and in Luma’ah al-`Itiqaad’ (1/17). ‘The grammatical error which does not change the meaning makes healthy the prayer…’ ]


1.2) 


وَقَالَ النَّبِي صلى الله عَلَيْهِ وَسلم اقرأوا الْقُرْآن قبل أَن يَأْتِي قوم يُقِيمُونَ حُرُوفه إِقَامَة السهْم لَا يُجَاوز تراقيهم


"Recite the Qur'an before there come a people who will straighten its letters just as an arrow is made straight. It will not go beyond their collarbones."



[Ref: Suyuti narrated this in Jaami` al-Ahadeeth (11789) ; أخرجه أحمد (5/338، رقم 22916) ، وعبد بن حميد (ص 171، رقم 466) ، وأبو داود (1/220، رقم 831) ، وابن حبان (3/36، رقم 760) ، والطبرانى (6/207، رقم 6024) ، والبيهقى فى شعب الإيمان (2/539، رقم 2645) .] 

1.3) 



وَقَالَ ايضا تعلمُوا الْبَقَرَة فَإِن بِكُل حرف مِنْهَا حَسَنَة والحسنة بِعشْرَة أَمْثَالهَا



`Ali r.a  said :  'Whoever teaches al-Baqarah, so surely in every letter from it is a good deed, and the deed with ten equal to it'


1.4) 



وَقَالَ ابْن عمر إِذا خرج أحدكُم لِحَاجَتِهِ ثمَّ رَجَعَ إِلَى أَهله فليأت الْمُصحف فيفتحه فيقرا سُورَة فَإِن الله يكْتب لَهُ بِكُل حرف عشر حَسَنَات اما إِنِّي لَا أَقُول {الم} وَلَكِن الْألف عشر وَاللَّام عشر وَالْمِيم عشر 


Ibn `Umar (may allah be pleased with him) said : "When one of you goes out to his pilgrimage, then returns to his people, so he brings the Book, then commences, so he recites a Chapter, then surely Allah will write for him in every letter, ten good deeds, whereas I surely do not say {Alif, Laam, Meem}, rather Aalif is ten, Laam is ten, and Meem is ten" 



[Ref: Jaami` al-Ahadeeth (39231) and elsewhere] 


1.5) 


The prophet (s.a.w) also said :  The one (who is) proficient in (recitation of) the Qur'aan is with the honourable, noble angels. And the one who recites the Qur'aan and stammers whilst finding it difficult upon him, has two rewards



[Saheeh Muslim (No. 1329) and Ibn Maajah (No. 3679)]


1.6) 


It is reported that ‘Abdullâh b. Mas’ûd – Allâh be pleased with him – said:


The house in which the Qur’ân is not recited is like a derelict house that has no one to maintain it.


It is also reported that he said:


Verily the emptiest of houses are those that are empty of the Book of Allâh.


It is reported that Abû Hurayrah – Allâh be pleased with him – used to say about the house in which the Qur’ân is recited:


It becomes spacious for its inhabitants, the good of it becomes plentiful, the angels come to it and the devils leave it. And the house in which the Qur’ân is not recited becomes cramped for its inhabitants, has little good in it, and the devils come to it.



[Ref: Ibn Abî Shaybah, Al-Musannaf articles 30645, 30647 and 30650; Zuhd of Ibn Mubarak]


1.7) 


Abu Umamah reported: The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, said:


اقْرَءُوا الْقُرْآنَ فَإِنَّهُ يَأْتِي يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ شَفِيعًا لِأَصْحَابِهِ


Recite the Quran, for on the Day of Resurrection it will come as an intercessor for its reciters. 



[Ref: : Sahih Muslim 804, ]

1.8) 


Abu Hurayrah (may Allah be pleased with him) narrated that the Messenger of Allah said: "Would any one of you like, when he returns to his family, to find there three large, fat, pregnant she-camels (a very precious and esteemed asset of possession back then)? We said: Yes. Upon this he said: Three verses that one of you recites in his prayer are better for him than three large, fat, pregnant she-camels." 


[Reported by Muslim in the book of Travelers' Salah and shortening it, chapter on the excellence of reciting the Qur'an in Salah and learning it 2/196].


1.9)



An-Nawwas ibn Sam’an reported: The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, said:

يُؤْتَى بِالْقُرْآنِ يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ وَأَهْلِهِ الَّذِينَ كَانُوا يَعْمَلُونَ بِهِ تَقَدَّمُهُمْ سُورَةُ الْبَقَرَةِ وَآلِ عِمْرَانَ

The Quran and its people who acted upon it will be brought forth on the Day of Resurrection, preceded by Surah Al-Baqarah and Surah Ali Imran.

[Ref: : Sahih Muslim 805]

1.10)

Uthman bin Affan reported: The Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him, said:

خَيْرُكُمْ مَنْ تَعَلَّمَ الْقُرْآنَ وَعَلَّمَهُ

The best of you are those who learn the Quran and teach it.

[Ref: : Sahih Bukhari 4739]

1.11) 

Aisha reported: The Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him, said:

مَثَلُ الَّذِي يَقْرَأُ الْقُرْآنَ وَهُوَ حَافِظٌ لَهُ مَعَ السَّفَرَةِ الْكِرَامِ الْبَرَرَةِ وَمَثَلُ الَّذِي يَقْرَأُ وَهُوَ يَتَعَاهَدُهُ وَهُوَ عَلَيْهِ شَدِيدٌ فَلَهُ أَجْرَانِ

The example of those who recite the Quran and memorize it is that of one who is with the ‘righteous and noble scribes’ (80:15); and the example of one who recites the Quran with great difficulty is that of one who receives a double reward.

[Ref: Sahih Bukhari 4653]


1.12) 



Abu Musa Al-Ashari reported: The Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him, said:

مَثَلُ الَّذِي يَقْرَأُ الْقُرْآنَ كَالْأُتْرُجَّةِ طَعْمُهَا طَيِّبٌ وَرِيحُهَا طَيِّبٌ وَالَّذِي لَا يَقْرَأُ الْقُرْآنَ كَالتَّمْرَةِ طَعْمُهَا طَيِّبٌ وَلَا رِيحَ لَهَا وَمَثَلُ الْفَاجِرِ الَّذِي يَقْرَأُ الْقُرْآنَ كَمَثَلِ الرَّيْحَانَةِ رِيحُهَا طَيِّبٌ وَطَعْمُهَا مُرٌّ وَمَثَلُ الْفَاجِرِ الَّذِي لَا يَقْرَأُ الْقُرْآنَ كَمَثَلِ الْحَنْظَلَةِ طَعْمُهَا مُرٌّ وَلَا رِيحَ لَهَا

The example of a believer who recites the Quran is that of a citrus fruit which tastes good and smells good; and one who does not recite the Quran is like a date which tastes good but has no smell. The example of a wicked person who recites the Quran is that of basil which smells good but tastes bitter; and a wicked person who does not recite the Quran is that of a vine which tastes bitter and has no smell.

[Ref: : Sahih Bukhari ]


1.13) 

Umar ibn Al-Khattab reported: The Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him, said:

إِنَّ اللَّهَ يَرْفَعُ بِهَذَا الْكِتَابِ أَقْوَامًا وَيَضَعُ بِهِ آخَرِينَ

Verily, Allah raises the status of a people with this Book (Qur`an) and he humiliates others. (i.e the Qur`an is either a proof for you or against you - Saheeh Muslim] 

[Ref: : Sahih Muslim 817]


1.14) 

Abdullah ibn Umar reported: The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, said:

لَا حَسَدَ إِلَّا عَلَى اثْنَتَيْنِ رَجُلٌ آتَاهُ اللَّهُ هَذَا الْكِتَابَ فَقَامَ بِهِ آنَاءَ اللَّيْلِ وَآنَاءَ النَّهَارِ وَرَجُلٌ آتَاهُ اللَّهُ مَالًا فَتَصَدَّقَ بِهِ آنَاءَ اللَّيْلِ وَآنَاءَ النَّهَارِ

There is no envy except in two cases: a man whom Allah has given this Book so he stands to recite it during the day and night, and a man whom Allah has given wealth and he spends it during the day and night.

[Ref: : Sahih Bukhari 7091]

1.15) 

Al-Bara reported: A man was reciting the chapter of the cave (surah al-kahf) and there was a horse tied with two ropes at his side, a cloud overshadowed him, and it came nearer and nearer as his horse became frightened of it. He went to the Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him, in the morning and mentioned that to him. The Prophet said:

اقْرَأْ فُلَانُ فَإِنَّهَا السَّكِينَةُ تَنَزَّلَتْ عِنْدَ الْقُرْآنِ أَوْ تَنَزَّلَتْ لِلْقُرْآنِ

Continue reciting. Verily, that was tranquility which came down for the recitation of the Quran.

[Ref: : Sahih Muslim 795]


1.16)


Ibn Abbas reported: The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, said:

إِنَّ الَّذِي لَيْسَ فِي جَوْفِهِ شَيْءٌ مِنْ الْقُرْآنِ كَالْبَيْتِ الْخَرِبِ

Verily, one who does not memorize anything from the Quran is like a ruined house.

[Ref: : Sunan At-Tirmidhi 2913]


1.17) 

Abdullah ibn Amr reported: The Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him, said:

يُقَالُ لِصَاحِبِ الْقُرْآنِ اقْرَأْ وَارْتَقِ وَرَتِّلْ كَمَا كُنْتَ تُرَتِّلُ فِي الدُّنْيَا فَإِنَّ مَنْزِلَتَكَ عِنْدَ آخِرِ آيَةٍ تَقْرَأُ بِهَا

It will be said to the companion of the Quran (on Qiyamah): Recite and ascend as you recited in the world, for verily, your rank is determined by the last verse you recite.

[Ref: : Sunan At-Tirmidhi 2914] 



1.18) 


At-Tirmidhi reported on the authority of Ibn Mas’oud (Radia-Allaahu ‘anhu) that the Prophet (Salla-Allaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) said: “This Qur’an is the Banquet of Allaah; learn as much as you can from His Banquet. This Qur’an is the Rope of Allaah, and it is a clear light and useful healing It is a protection for the one who clings (holds fast) to it and a rescue (salvation) for the one who follows it. It is not crooked and so puts things straight. It does not deviateso as to be blamed. Its wonders do not cease (never stop).It does not wear out with much repetition, so recite it.Allaah will reward you with ten good deeds for every letterof its recitation. I am not saying Alif, Laam, Meem (a combination of letters frequently mentioned in the Qur’an) is a letter, rather I am saying that Alif is a letter, Laam is a letter and Meem is a letter.” 

[Al-Haakim and authenticated by al-Albaani (Rahimahullaah) in as-Saheeha no. 2/264]


2) SOME WEAK OR ODD NARRATIONS 

There are many, however i'll keep adding to this list as and when i get the time 

2.1) 

في الجنة نهر يقال له الريان عليه مدينة من مرجان لها سبعون الف باب من ذهب وفضة لحامل القرآن

Jannah has a river called ‘Rayyan’ which has a city of coral with 70 000 doors made of gold and silver. All of this is reserved for the Hafiz of the Quran.

[Ref: Imam Ibn ‘Asakir (rahimahullah) has recorded this in his Tarikh Dimashq, vol.57 pg.155 on the authority of Sayyiduna Anas (radiyallahu’anhu) with an extremely weak chain] 

2.2) 

ومن ذلك _ أيضا _ ما أخرجه الدارمي في مسنده ( رقم : 3483 ) قال : حدثنا محمد بن حميد ، حدثنا هارون ، عن عنبسة ، عن ليث ، عن طلحة بن مصرف ، عن مصعب بن سعد ، عن سعد ؛ قال
إذا وافق ختم القرآن أول الليل صلت عليه الملائكة حتى يصبح وإن وافق ختمه آخر الليل صلت عليه الملائكة حتى يمسي فربما بقي على أحدنا الشيء فيؤخره حتى يمسي أو يصبح

Sa`d ibn Abi Waqqas (radiyallahu `anhu) says: “When a person completes the Qur`an in the evening, the angels seek forgiveness for this person till the morning, and when he completes the Qur`an in the morning, the angels seek forgiveness for this person till the evening”.

[Ref: Sunan Darimi, hadith: 3483- Hasan by Darimi and Suyuti]


Ibn Hajar in الفتوحات الربانية (3/238) said : 

في مسنده ليث بن أبي سليم هو ضعيف الحفظ ومحمد بن حميد مختلف فيه

Layth bin Abi Saleem is weak in memory  and محمد بن حميد  is differed over 


3) THE PRACTISE OF THE SALAF IN AND OUTSIDE RAMADAN



3.1) 


Haafidh Ibn Rajab al-Hanbalee [May Allaah have Mercy on him] said: 


It is narrated in Sunan Abee Dawood that ‘Abdullah bin ‘Amr [May Allaah be Pleased with him] said that the Prophet [Peace and Blessings of Allaah be Upon him] said, “Whoever stands to pray at night and recites ten Aayaat then he will not be recorded as the negligent. If one stands to pray at night and recites one hundred Aayaat then he will recorded as the obedient. If one stands to prayer and recites one thousand Aayaat a night then he will be recorded as those who are the Muqantareen.”



 The Muqantareen are those who have obtained a huge amount of reward.
Therefore, the one who prays in congregation should try to achieve what is mentioned in this Hadeeth, as it is was the practice of many from the Salaf that they would complete the Quraan every third night in their night prayers.



Some would complete it every seven nights as it was narrated to be the habit of Qataadah.


Some would complete the Quraan every tenth night as it was narrated about Aboo Rajaa’ al-‘Itaardee.


It was the habit of the Salaf to recite the Quraan abundantly in the month of Ramadhaan, within their Salaat and outside it. 


Aswad would recite the Quraan and complete it every two nights in Ramadhaan.


Nakhaa’ee would complete the Quraan every two nights in the last ten nights of Ramadhaan but during the rest of the month he would complete it every three nights. Qataadah would complete the Quraan every week outside of Ramadhaan but within Ramadhaan he would complete the Quraan every three nights and in the last ten nights, he would complete it every night.


Imaam ash-Shaafi’ee would complete the Quraan sixty times in Ramadhaan and this was outside of his Salaah.


It is narrated that Aboo Haneefah would do the same.


Qataadah was narrated as giving the month of Ramadhaan specific importance in studying the Quraan.


When Ramadhaan would enter, it is narrated that Imaam az-Zuhree would recite the Quraan and feed the poor.


Ibn ‘Abdul-Hakam said, “When Ramadhaan would enter, Maalik would leave studying Hadeeth and he would give importance to reciting the Quraan from the Mushaf instead.”


‘Abdur-Razaaq said, “When Ramadhaan would enter, Sufyaan ath-Thawree would leave all the acts of worship he would normally do and he would give all his attention to reciting the Quraan.”


‘Aaishah [May Allaah be Pleased with her] used to recite the Quraan from the Mushaf in the morning during the month of Ramadhaan and once the sun had risen, she would sleep.


Sufyaan said, “When Ramadhaan would come, Zubayd al-Yaamee would draw his attention to the Mushaf and he would gather his companions whilst doing so.”


It has been narrated from the Prophet [Peace and Blessings of Allaah be Upon him] that he prohibited us from completing the Quraan within every three nights, however when we come across a time which is virtuous, like the month of Ramadhaan, especially the nights of this month, or a place that is virtuous, like being in Makkaah, then there is no restriction in how much Quraan you recite.

This was the view of Imaam Ahmad, Ishaaq and others from the scholars of the Salaf. The evidence for this has proceeded as this was the view and the habit of many of the Salaf.


[Ref: Lataa'if al-Ma'aarif: Chapter 37: The Virtue of Giving in Charity and Reciting the Quraan in Ramadhaan (Pg. 125-134) ]


Note: Even some of the sahaba used to finish the Qur`an in a short span of time, however we are to note that these are the very same sahaba and salaf in whose language allah revealed the Qur`an. so they not only understood the verse, but were also very proficient in reading their own mother tongue. So we should not try to copy them today as rarely a handful of us today can actually recite the qur`an with understanding and proper pronunciation and akhlaaq.  It took them several years to learn and learn and then they reached this level .  

It is reported that Ibn ‘Umar – Allâh be pleased with him – said, “We were the beginning [the heads] of this Ummah, and perhaps a man from the best of the Companions of Allâh’s Messenger – Allâh’s peace and blessings be upon him – and the most righteous amongst them could maintain only one chapter of the Qur`ân or thereabouts. For the Qur`ân was weighty upon them, and they were given knowledge of it or action based on it. But the last of this Ummah will find the Qur`ân light [and easy] – the child and the non-Arab will recite it, without possessing any knowledge about it.”

Al-Harawî, Dhamm Al-Kalâm wa Ahlihî Vol. 5 p144.

Uthman ibn Affan radhiallahu `anhu used to finish one entire Qur`an in one rak`at during ramadan [See fadhail Qur`an by Ibn Kaheer, Page 257 with a saheeh sanad] 

Tameem ad-daari radhiallahu `anhu finished it in one rak`at [ibid] 


Likewise, Ibn Mas`ood radhiallahu `anhu used to finish the entire Qur`an in three days during ramadan [See fadhail Qur`an by Ibn Kaheer, Page 255 with a saheeh sanad] 

Imam Bukhaari rahimahullah used to finish one qur`an daily and said that du`a is accepted after the completion of qur`an [Ref: Shu`b al-Emaan 2/524; Saheeh]

Imam ash-Sha`fee also finished it sixty times in ramadan

«كُنْتُ أَخْتِمُ فِي رَمَضَانَ سِتِّينَ مَرَّةً» (حلية الأولياء ج۹ ص۱۳۴



3.2) 


Ibraaheem Ibn Abdul Waahid Al-Maqdisee (rahimahullaah) stated whilst advising Diyaa al-Maqdisee (rahimahullaah) when he (Diyaa) desired to travel and seek knowledge: ”Read the Qur’aan a lot and do not abandon it; for indeed it will make it easy for you to acquire (the knowledge) you seek in proportion to what you read.”  Diyaa (rahimahullaah) then said: ”I did see and experience (what Ibraaheem advised me); for when I used to read a lot of (Qur’aan), it was easy for me to listen and write down a lot of hadeeth.  And when I did not read (a lot), it was not easy for me.”   


[Source: ذيل طبقات الحنابلةof Ibn Rajab (rahimahullaah) 3/205]





4) THE MANNER OF RECITING THE QUR`AN AND THE PREFERRED TIMING 



4.1)  Ibn Mas’oud (Radia-Allaahu ‘anhu) said: “Whoever is seeking knowledge, let him Yuthawwir the Qur’an (study the Qur’an). For it comprises the knowledge about the former and later peoples.” 


[Al-Haithami in Majma’az- Zawaa’id no. 7/168 and at-Tabarani]



Yuthawwir the Qur’an means studying it by reciting it, contemplating its meanings and seeking its interpretation from the ‘Ulamaa.


4.2) 


Abi Jamrah said to Ibn ‘Abbaas (Radia-Allaahu ‘anhuma): “I am very fast in reciting the Qur’an. I recite the whole Qur’an in three [nights].” Ibn ‘Abbaas (Radia-Allaahu ‘anhuma) said: “Reciting Surat al-Baqarah alone in one night, with Tadabbur [contemplating,thinking and focusing] and Tarteel [1] is more beloved to me than reciting the whole Qur’an in the way that you say.” 


[Ibn Katheer in Fada’il Qur’an]


[1] Tarteel ( ترتيل‎) is an Arabic term that is wide in meaning but is commonly translated in reference to the Qur'an as "rhythmic recitation  with proper pronunciation and without any haste


Ibn Katheer (Rahimahullaah) said: “This means to recite it slowly, for that will help in understanding the Qur’an and contemplate over it. This is how the Prophet (Salla-Allaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) used to recite.”




Ibn `Abbas also said : To recite Surat al-Baqarah in one night is more beloved to me than to recite the whole Qur’an in one night in haste.


[Sunan Sa’eed ibn Mansoor, Al-Baihaqi]



Ibn ‘Abbaas (Radia-Allaahu ‘anhuma) said to Abi Jamrah when he said: “I recite the whole Qur’an in one night once or twice.” I think he said twice. Ibn ‘Abbaas (Radia-Allaahu ‘anhuma) said to him: “To recite one Surah is more beloved to me than reciting it in the way that you describe. If you would do that, then recite in a way that will make your ears to hear and your heart to understand.” 


[Sunan Sa’eed ibn Mansoor]




4.3) 


Narrated Abu Waa’il: “A man asked ‘Abdullaah Ibn ‘Umar (Radia-Allaahu ‘anhuma) about the word “Ghayri Aasin (i.e. unaltered - in taste or smell).” ’Abdullaah answered: “You recited the whole Qur’an except this word (which is in Surat Muhammad 47:15)?” The man said: “Yes.” ‘Abdullaah (Radia-Allaahu ‘anhuma) said: “Verily there are people who recite the Qur’an so quickly and scatter it like the scattering of the inferior kind of date. It does not exceed their throats. Indeed, I know the Surahs which the Prophet (Salla-Allaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) used to join in recitation.” 


[Saheeh at-Tirmidhi no. 602 and authenticated by al-Albaani]




4.4) 

‘Aishah (Radia-Allaahu ‘anha) said: “He (Salla-Allaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) used to recite the chapter slowly, so much so that it would be longer than chapters that were actually longer


than it.” [Muslim]



4.5) 



He (Salla-Allaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) said: “Chant it (recite it in a pleasant tone), for whoever does not chant it is not of us.” 

[Al-Bukhaari]

In another narration, Al-Bara’ ibn Azib (Radia-Allaahu ‘anhu) said: “Decorate the Qur’an with your voices.”

[Musnad Ahmad, Sunan Abu Dawoud and authenticated by al- Albaani]

What does it mean? He (Ahmad) replied: “To decorate it is to beautify it.”

He (Salla-Allaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) said: “Truly, the person having the best voice with the Qur’an is the one whom, when you hear him, makes you think that he fears Allaah, the Mighty and Majestic.” 

[Saheeh al-Jamie’ no. 2202]


Ibn Abi Mulaikah was asked: “What if the person does not have a good voice?” He replied, “He should beautify it as much as possible.”

Note: Reciting the Qur`an in a good voice DOES NOT IN ANY WAY reciting it the way some self proclaimed nasheed singers have started. This is the speech of Allah, not a rockband or country genre music album. Fear Allah those who sing it instead of reciting it. 


Scroll down or search for the title: I) The salaaf even detested those who sung the verses of Qur'an. No doubt the prophet (s.a.w) has commanded us to recite the Qur'an melodiously but melodiously does not mean to sing it out or to imitate what we know today as singing . So the Imams of this Ummah detested such a behavior with recitation then one can only imagine how much they would have hated music in general 

4.6)

 Aws reported: “I asked the Companions of the Messenger of Allaah (Salla-Allaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) how they divided the Qur’an. They said: “Three chapters, then five, then seven, then nine, then eleven, then thirteen, and the Mufassal as a single part.”

[Reported by Ahmad, Abu Dawoud 1393 and is Hasan according to Ibn Katheer

4.7) 



The Prophet (Salla-Allaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) once established the whole night with one verse by repeating it (i.e. 5:118). 

[As reported by an-Nasaa’i no. 1009 and authenticated by al-Albaani, and graded Hasan]

One night he (Peace and blessings be upon him)  stood (in prayer) repeating one aayah until it was dawn:"If you do punish them, they are Your servants; if You do forgive them, You are indeed the Exalted in Power, the Wise." (al- Maa'idah 5:121) [with it (this supplication from the Qur'an) he bowed, with it he prostrated, and with it he supplicated], [so in the morning Abu Dharr (radi Allaahu 'anhu) said to him: "O Messenger of Allaah, you did not stop reciting this aayah until it was morning; you bowed with it and you prostrated with it and you supplicated with it,] [whereas Allaah has taught you the whole Qur'aan]; if one of us were to do this, we would be stern with him? He said: Indeed I asked my Lord, the Mighty and Sublime, for intercession for my ummah: He granted me it, and it will be possible if Allaah wills for whoever does not associate any partners with Allaah 

[Sunan al Nasaa'i, Ibn Khuzaimah (1/70/1), Ahmad, Ibn Nasr & Haakim, who declared it saheeh and Dhahabi agreed.]


Note: It was the sunnah of the Prophet (s.a.w) and the sahaaba and those who followed them in righteousness that many times (and not always),  be it during or after salah, they recited the Qur`an and came across a verse wherein Allah describes his warning or punishment, then they used to seek refuge in Allah from that (i.e make du`a to him in `arabic to save themselves from such a punishment or affliction). Likewise when they came across a verse entailing the glad tidings and rewards from Allah, then they would likewise make du`a . And sometimes in general, certain verses such as " and which of the favours of your Lord will you deny" and other alike verses would come, then the salaf would also make du`a or testify such as " Verily the dominion is for you oh rabb...and etc" 




وقال أبو موسى الأشعري: من يتبع القرآن يهبط به على رياض الجنة. وعن عمر بن الخطاب رضي الله عنه: هم الذين إذا مروا بآية رحمة سألوها من الله، وإذا مروا بآية عذاب استعاذوا منها. وقد روي هذا المعنى عن النبي صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ: كان إذا مر بآية رحمة سأل، وإذا مر بآية عذاب تعوذ.

And Abu Moosa al-’Ashari said, “Whoever follows the Qur’an, then he descends with it on the gardens of Paradise.” And ‘Umar ibn al-Khattaab (May Allah be pleased with him) said, “They are those who, when they come across an ayah speaking of Rahmah (mercy), they ask Allah for that, and when they come across an ayah of punishment, they seek refuge from that. And this meaning has been narrated about the Prophet (ﷺ) that “when he came across an ayah of Rahmah, he asked, and when he came across an ayah of punishment, he sought refuge.” [al-Nasa'i #1009, Sahih]

Abbaad ibn Hamzah said: “Once I entered upon Asma’ (Radia-Allaahu ‘anha) and she was offering the Salaat and I heard her reciting the following verse (At-Tur 52:27):

“So Allaah conferred favor upon us and protected us from the punishment of the scorching Fire.”

So she sought refuge from the scorching Fire . Then I got up and Asma’ was prolonging seeking refuge. I then went to the market, and when I returned I found Asma’ in her Salaat still weeping and seeking refuge.”

[Musannaf Ibn Abi Shaibah vol. 2, page 25 (6037)]

4.8) 




Ibn Mas’oud (Radia-Allaahu ‘anhu) used to say: “Do not scatter the recitation of the Qur’an like the scattering of sand, and do not rush through it like the hasty recitation of poetry. Stop at its amazing parts and make your heart move with it. None of you should let his concern to be to reach the end of the chapter.” [Al-Baghawi]


4.9) 



Also, Tameem ad-Daari offered the night prayer with Surat al-Jaathiyah and when he reached verse 21, he started repeating it until the morning.

[Mukhtasar Minhaaj al-Qaasideen: 68]

Al-Hasan al-Basri repeated verse (16:18) one night till morning. When he was asked about that he said: “Therein is a lesson to be considered, which is that there is nothing our eyes see but it is a blessing, then what (about that which) we do not know (what we cannot see) of Allaah’s blessings (there are) even more.” 

[Mukhtasar Qiyam al-Layl 151]

Ibn al-Qayyim (Rahimahullaah) said: “This was the attitude of the Salaf, one of them would repeat the verse till the morning.” [Miftaah Daar as-Sa’adah]



4.9 A) 

If one starts recitation, he should not interrupt it for unnecessary matter for this is a form of observing good conduct with the Words of Allah The Almighty i.e. not to interrupt it for something of the worldly affairs. Ibn ‘Umar, may Allah be pleased with him, used not to interrupt his recitation except to teach knowledge for it is a precious form of worship also.

 It was narrated that whenever Ibn ‘Umar, may Allah be pleased with them, recited the Quran, he would not speak to anyone till he had finished his recitation. Once I held the Quran and he recited Soorat Al-Baqarah from his memory and then stopped at a certain Verse and said, “Do you know in what connection this Verse was revealed?” I replied, “No.” He said, “It was revealed in such-and-such connection.” Ibn ‘Umar then resumed his recitation.” [Reported by Al-Bukhaari (4526)]


THE FAVOURED TIMING FOR RECITING QUR`AN DURING RAMADAN AND IN REGULAR DAYS IS NIGHT 


Allah says in Surah Muzammil : 


“Indeed, the hours of the night are more effective for concurrence (of heart and tongue) and more suitable for words (i.e. for recitation of the Qur’an and for hearing and understanding it).”


Ibn Hajar (Rahimahullaah) commented on the teaching of Jibreel (‘Alayhis-salaam) of the Qur’an to the Prophet (Salla- Allaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) every night of Ramadaan, saying:
“The aim sought from the recitation is understanding and attentiveness, because the night is a more suitable time for that than the morning in which there is occupation with religious and worldly affairs.” [End quote] 

[Fath al-Baari]


4.10) 



Ibn Abi Mulaikah said: “I accompanied Ibn ‘Abbaas (Radia-Allaahu ‘anhuma) on a journey. If he settled in a place (for rest), he would get up and establish half of the night with prayer and recite the Qur’an with Tarteel word by word and he would weep much.” 

[Mukhtasar Qiyam al- Layl] 

[Word by word means he understood what he was saying and that is in the night prayer.]

Ibn Abi Dh’ib (Rahimahullaah) narrated that Saalih, the freed slave of Taw’ama, said: “I was a neighbor of Ibn ‘Abbaas (Radia-Allaahu ‘anhuma) and he used to establish the night with Tahajjud prayer; he would recite a verse from the Qur’an and pause (for a period as long as I am talking to you).” I said: “Why would he do that?” He answered: “For the sake of reflecting over its interpretation.” In another narration he said: “Offering two short Rak’ah with reflection and thinking is better than establishing the whole night with a heedless heart.” 

[Reported by Ibn al- Mubaarak in az-Zuhd]

Al-Hasan ibn ‘Ali (Radia-Allaahu ‘anhuma) said: “Indeed those who were before you were seeing the Qur’an as messages from their Lord. So they used to ponder over its meaning at night and implement it in the day time.” 

[At-Tibyaan fee Aadaab Hamalat al-Qur’an]



Shaikh Ash-Shinqeeti (Rahimahullaah) used to say: “The Qur’an will not be firm in the breast, nor its memorization and understanding become easy, except if recited in the night prayer.” [Introduction of Adwaa al-Bayaan]


An-Nawawi (Rahimahullaah) said: “It is incumbent upon the person to take more care in reciting the Qur’an at night and especially in the night prayer. There are many Ahaadeeth and Aathaar regarding this issue. The excellence of the night prayer and its recitation over other (prayers) is because it is far from occupation and distractions and disposal of affairs, and more protected  from Riyaa’ (show off) and other nullifiers of deeds. Also, there is an abundance of good attained in the night; hence, the night journey of the Prophet (Salla-Allaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) took place at night.” [End quote]

[At-Tibyaan fee Aadaab Hamalat al-Qur’an]


5) THE SORROW OF FORGETTING THE QURAN 


5.1) 



Al-Dhahaak رحمه الله said:


No person memorizes the Qur’aan and then forgets it except due to the sins that he has committed. Then he recited:


{وَمَا أَصَابَكُمْ مِنْ مُصِيبَةٍ فَبِمَا كَسَبَتْ أَيْدِيكُمْ}


{And whatever misfortune befalls you, it is because what your hands have earned} [Surah Shoora (42):30]


He then said: And what calamity is greater than forgetting the Qur’aan?!



[Al-Jaami` al-Ahkaam al-Qur’aan (16/30); Taken from Ilm4u]\


5.2) 


Abu Musa Al-Ash`ari (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Prophet (s.a.w) said, "Read the Qur'an regularly. By the One in Whose Hand Muhammad's soul is, it escapes from memory faster than a camel does from its tying ropes.'' [Al-Bukharee]




5.3) 




In Saheeh Muslim (789) it is narrated from Ibn ‘Umar (may Allaah be pleased with him) that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “If the companion of the Qur’aan persists in reciting it by night and by day, he will remember it, but if he does not do that he will forget it.” 

The apparent meaning of the hadeeth is that what is meant by qiyaam here (idha qaama = if [he] persists) is broader in meaning than the idea of praying qiyaam. Al-Manaawi (may Allaah have mercy on him) said: i.e., if he commits himself to reading Qur’aan at night and during the day, and does not neglect that… This is a recommendation to read Qur’aan constantly, without singling out a specific time or place. End quote. 

5.4) 

Ibn Mas’ud reported: I heard the Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, say, Wretched is it for a man to say I have forgotten such-and-such chapter or I have forgotten such-and-such verse. Rather, he was made to forget.”

[Ref: Sahih Muslim 790, ]




An-Nawawi said in Sharh Saheeh Muslim, “It is prohibited to say I have forgotten it because that would suggest carelessness and negligence with the Quran.” 


6) THE SAHEEH VIRTUES OF DIFFERENT SURAHS 


http://the-finalrevelation.blogspot.com/2012/08/weak-and-sahih-virtues-of-surahs.html


REFERENCES


1) : http://ar.islamway.net/article/16885/%D9%83%D9%8A%D9%81-%D8%AA%D9%82%D8%B6%D9%8A-%D9%86%D9%87%D8%A7%D8%B1%D9%83-%D9%81%D9%8A-%D8%B1%D9%85%D8%B6%D8%A7%D9%86-%D9%82%D8%B1%D8%A2%D9%86%D9%83


2) Islamic magazines in Kuwait 


3) http://fahmalhadeeth.blogspot.com/2014/02/refuting-ashariyyah-by-proving-that.html


4) and some other personal compilations i had

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