Tuesday, 11 September 2012

DUAS TO BE RECITED AFTER EVERY FARDH SALAH




After every Fardh salah, the Prophet (s.a.w) used to recite some dua'a (adhkaar). The companions followed him and the salaaf continued until it has reached us today. The sunnah of the prophet (s.a.w) is to recite the below adhkaar (dua'as) after finishing the Fardh salah and then pray the other nawafil prayers


Abu Umama al-Bahili (Allah be pleased with him) narrates: The Messenger of Allah (Allah bless him & give him peace) was asked as to which supplication (dua) was most quickly accepted? He replied: “In the middle of the night and after the obligatory (fard) prayers.” (Sunan Tirmidhi, 5/188 with a sound (hasan) chain of transmission).

To know the Hotline to contact Allah , i.e the timings when Dua'as are answered most click on : http://the-finalrevelation.blogspot.com/2012/07/best-time-to-supplicate.html


1 - أن رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم صلى العصر فقام رجل يصلي فرآه عمر فقال له اجلس فإنما هلك أهل الكتاب أنه لم يكن لصلاتهم فصل فقال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم أحسن ابن الخطاب


From Abdullaah bin Rabaha from a man who was from the Companions of the Prophet -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- that the Messenger of Allaah had prayed the Asr prayer,  and this man (immediately) stood up to pray. `Umar saw him and said to him sit down, since indeed the people of the book were destroyed because they did not leave a gap after their (obligatory) prayer.

The Prophet -sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam- said to him:

أحسن ابن الخطاب

'You have done well O Ibn Khattab!'

[Ref: Collected by Ahmad,  its Sanad is Saheeh as declared by al Haythami in Majmu' az-Zawa'id 2/237 and in Silsilah al-Saheeha 2549 or 6/105.]

Shaykh Albaani said: 'This hadeeth is a clear text in that it is prohibited to hasten to pray the Sunnah prayer after the obligatory prayer without speaking or leaving the Masjid, like many of the non-Arabs do,  and especially the Turks. Indeed we see them in the Haramain Sharafain (the holy Masjid in Makkah and the Prophet's Masjid in Madina), the Imaam is about to give the Salam from the prayer, except that these people hasten, from over here and over there standing to pray the Sunnah! [Ref: 'Silsilah Saheehah' No. 2549 6/105]



وفي سنن أبي داود: إن رجلا صلى مع النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم فلما سلم قام يشفع فوثب إليه عمر فأخذ بمنكبيه فهزه ثم قال: اجلس فإنه لم يهلك أهل الكتاب إلا أنه لم يكن لصلاتهم فصل فرفع النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم بصره فقال: “أصاب الله بك يا ابن الخطاب” 

And in Sunan Abi Dawood, that a man prayed with the Prophet (ﷺ) and then when they made the taslim (to end the prayer), this man stood up to pray another prayer, so ‘Umar leaped up and grabbed him by the shoulders and then said to him, “Sit down! For indeed the Ahl al-Kitaab were destroyed for no other reason except that they did not make a separating interval between their [obligatory and optional] prayers.” So the Prophet looked up and said, “Allah has made you say what is right, O ibn al-Khattaab.”

[Ref: Sunan Abi Dawood] 

وفي المسند: أنه صلى الله عليه وسلم قال: “افصلوا بينها وبين المكتوبة ولا تجعلوها كصلاة الظهر”. ـ

And in al-Musnad that the Prophet (sallalahu `alayhi wa sallam) said, “Make a separation between it and the obligatory prayer and do not make it like salaat of Dhuhr"

Imam ibn Rajab said:

والمعنى الثاني: الفصل بين صيام الفرض والنفل فإن جنس الفصل بين الفرائض والنوافل مشروع ولهذا حرم صيام يوم العيد ونهى النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم أن توصل صلاة مفروضة بصلاة حتى يفصل بينهما بسلام أو كلام وخصوصا سنة الفجر قبلها فإنه يشرع الفصل بينها وبين الفريضة ولهذا يشرع صلاتها في البيت والإضطجاع بعدها. ـ

And the second reason: There should be a separation between the obligatory fasting and the optional fasting, for a type of separation between obligatory actions and optional acts is divinely legislated. It is for this reason that fasting on the day of the ‘Eid is forbidden, and the Prophet (ﷺ) prohibited joining [i.e. immediately following up] the obligatory salaah with another (optional) salaah until one make a separation between the two of them by giving salaam to someone or speaking. And this was especially the case in regards to the sunnah prayer prior to salaat al-Fajr, for he legislated a separation between it and the obligatory prayer. For this reason he legislated it to be prayed in the home and lying down afterwards.

[Ref: Lataif al-Ma'rif page 273, translated by tulayhah wordpress]

Shaykh Muhammad bin Saalih al-`Uthaymeen rahimahullah

Question: Has any proof been reported for changing one's place in order to perform the Sunnah after the obligatory prayer?

Answer: Yes, it has been reported in the Hadith of Mu'awiyah that he said: The Prophet (sallAllaahu alaihi wa sallam) ordered us not to join one prayer with another prayer without leaving or speaking (in between). [1] So the scholars have understood from this that a gap must be made between the obligatory and the Sunnah either by speaking or by changing/shifting one's place.

[1] Muslim no. 883 and Abu Dawud no. 1129

Shaykh Muhammad bin Saalih al-`Uthaymeen
Fatawa Islamiyah Vol. 2 Page 314

Source: http://www.fatwaislam.com/fis/index.cfm?scn=fd&ID=1108



Umar ibn ‘Ata narrated that Nafi’e ibn Jubair sent him to Sa’ib ibn Ukht Nair to ask him about something that Mu’awiyah (Radia-Allaahu ‘anhu) had seen him doing after the Fard Salaat (prayer). He said: “Yes, I offered the Friday prayer along with him in the enclosure (Maqsurah), and when the Imam concluded the Salaat with Tasleem

I stood up in my place and offered the Sunnah prayer. When Mu’awiyah (Radia-Allaahu ‘anhu) went home, he sent for me (and when I came) he said: “Never do again what you have done. When you have observed the Friday prayer, you must not start another Sunnah prayer till you have spoken to someone or have shifted from your place; because Allaah’s Messenger (Salla-Allaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) ordered us not to follow the congregational Salaat with any other Salaat until we have talked (to someone) or moved from our place.” [Muslim]


Under the verse:

“So when you have finished [your duties], then stand up [for worship]. And to your Lord direct [your] longing (du`a). " 

`Abdullah ibn `Abbas, Qatadah, Dahhak, , Maqatil and Kalbi and others have said under this verse that “ when you complete your obligatory prayer or any form of prayer then engage in invoking your Lord and exert in supplicating to him

[Ref: Tafseer Mazhari 10/94, Published in India] 

Imam Tabari said “ 

۵ ۔          قال الطّبریٰ : حدّثنا ابن عبد الأ علیٰ ، قال : ثنا ثور عن معمر عن قتادۃ فی قولہ : فاذا فرغت من صلاتک فانصب فی الدّ عاء ۔ “

Qatadah under this verse says that when you complete praying then exert in supplicating to your lord 

[Ref: Tafseer Tabari 3/152]



Ibn Battal – RahimuhuAllah- said:

“Whoever has many sins and wishes for those sins to be removed without any hardship, then he should make the most of the opportunity of remaining in his place after the completion of his prayer, in order for the Angels to increase in their supplication for him and increase in their asking for forgiveness for him.”

[Sharh Ibn Battal  – Vol. 3 p. 114, Translated by Abu Abbas Yahya] 


THE TIMING OF RECITING THESE ADHKAAR. SHOULD IT BE IMMEDIATELY AFTER THE FARDH SALAH OR SHOULD WE FIRST PRAY OUR SUNNAH AND NAWAFIL FIRST?



Question: Assalamu `Alaykum scholars, It says in Jami` tirmidhi, Sunan ibn Maajah and elsewhere that : When the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said the Salam, he would sit only for as long as it took to say: ‘Allahumma Antas-Salam wa minkas-salam. Tabarakta ya Dhal-jalali wal- ikram. (O Allah, You are As-Salam, From You is all peace, blessed are You O Possessor of majesty and honour).’” The ahnaaf take this as a proof to recite this du`a, then get up and complete the sunan/nawafil and then sit down to recite the remaining adhkar. Could you please answer if we are to first recite the adhkaar after the obligatory salah and then get up to pray the sunan or follow the hanfi stance? barakallahu feekum

Ans: We should recite the adhkaar before proceeding to praying other nawafil or sunan

See: http://www.islamweb.net/emainpage/index.php?page=showfatwa&Id=2490069&Option=QuestionId


NOTE THE ORDER OF RECITING THE DU`A AFTER FARDH SALAH



QUESTION
After the prayer, what is the proper order to do the following things, and are they to be done out loud or silently?

* supplications from the Sunnah

* phrases of remembrence (ath-kaar)

* recitation of the last three soorahs of the Qur'aan

* recitation of Aayah Al-Kursee

ANSWER
by Shaykh Muhammad 'Umar Baazmool, instructor at Umm Al-Quraa
University in Makkah

What seems to be the proper order for these things is as follows:

1) When the Messenger (sallallaahu 'alayhe wa sallam) finished his prayers, he started with his saying of "Astagh-firullaah" three times. [1]

2) Then he would say "Allaahumma antas-Salaamu wa minkas-Salaam, tabaarakta yaa thal-jalaali wal-ikraam." [2]

3) Then he would say the other reported supplications, like, "Laa ilaaha ill Allaah wa laa na'budu illaa iyyaah..." [3]

4) Then he would commence making the tasbeehs, saying, "sub-haan Allaah," "al-hamdu lillaah," and "Allaahu akbar," 33 times each. [4]

5) Then he would recite Aayah Al-Kursee, as it is what has been reported that he (sallallaahu 'alayhe wa sallam) used to recite after each prayer. [5]

As for the recitation of Soorah Al-Ikhlaas, Soorah Al-Falaq, and Soorah An-Naas, then they are to be recited in the morning and in the evening only. It has not been authentically narrated, to the best of my knowledge, that they were recited after each prayer, and Allaah knows best. [6]

And as for the question, "Are these things to be said out loud or quietly?" It has been authentically reported from Ibn 'Abbaas (may Allaah be pleased with him), as Al-Bukhaaree reported [7], that he said they used to know when the Messenger's prayer (sallallaahu 'alayhe wa sallam) was over due to the voices of the Companions making takbeer, meaning the supplications after the prayer.

Imaam Ash-Shaafi'ee, may Allaah have Mercy on him, said that this raising of their voices with takbeer after the prayer was only done sometimes, not always, and it was done to teach the people. Imaam Ash-Shaafi'ee had warned that it is not for the Muslims to raise their voices with these phrases of thikr and supplications, unless there is a need to teach them to the people. If the people are not in need of learning them, then the norm is that a person does not raise his voice, rather he says these things in a silent way so that he himself hears them, and Allaah knows best.

FOOTNOTES


[1] Saheeh Muslim #1333 (3/92 of Sharh An-Nawawee) and Saheeh Sunan At-Tirmithee #300 (1/176)
[2] Saheeh Muslim #1334 (3/92 of Sharh An-Nawawee) and Saheeh Sunan At-Tirmithee #298 (1/175)
[3] Saheeh Muslim #1342 (3/94 of Sharh An-Nawawee)
[4] Saheeh Al-Bukhaaree #843 (2/397-398 of Fat-hul-Baaree) and Saheeh Muslim #1346 (3/95 of Sharh An-Nawawee)

[5] This is based on the hadeeth: "Whoever reads Aayah Al-Kursee after each obligatory prayer, nothing will prevent him from going to Paradise except that he must die." It was collected by An-Nasaa'ee in As-Sunan Al-Kubraa #9848 (9/44 of the 1421 Mu'as-sasatur-Risaalah printing), on the authority of Aboo Umaamah. Al-Albaanee gathered and discussed its numerous chains, declaring the hadeeth to be authentic in Silsilatul-Ahaadeethis-Saheehah #972.

[6] Imaam Ahmad collected a narration mentioning that 'Uqbah ibn 'Aamir (may Allaah be pleased with him) was ordered by the Prophet (sallallaahu 'alayhe wa sallam) to recite the mu'awwithaat [1] after each prayer. It is #17417 in the Musnad (28/633 of Ar-Risaalah), and Al-Albaanee declared it to be authentic in his checking of Shaykh Al-Islaam's Al-Kalim At-Tayyib (p.114).

[7] Saheeh Al-Bukhaaree #841 (2/395-396 of Fat-hul-Baaree)

Taken from Bakkah.


[1] It is a widely accepted notion that mu`awwithaat includes surah ikhlaas along with surah falaq and an-naas. However this is incorrect because Surah ikhlaas is outside of mu`awithaat. The proof of this has been discussed here in detail : 


http://forum.mohaddis.com/threads/%D9%81%D8%B1%D8%B6-%D9%86%D9%85%D8%A7%D8%B2%D9%88%DA%BA-%DA%A9%DB%92-%D8%A8%D8%B9%D8%AF-%D8%B3%D9%88%D8%B1%DB%81-%D8%A7%D8%AE%D9%84%D8%A7%D8%B5-%D9%BE%DA%91%DA%BE%D9%86%D8%A7-%D8%AB%D8%A7%D8%A8%D8%AA-%D9%86%DB%81%DB%8C%DA%BA.13450/

The following hadeeth should clear this notion 

حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ العَزِيزِ بْنُ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ الأُوَيْسِيُّ، حَدَّثَنَا سُلَيْمَانُ، عَنْ يُونُسَ، عَنِ ابْنِ شِهَابٍ، عَنْ عُرْوَةَ بْنِ الزُّبَيْرِ، عَنْ عَائِشَةَ، رَضِيَ اللَّهُ عَنْهَا قَالَتْ: «كَانَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ إِذَا أَوَى إِلَى فِرَاشِهِ، نَفَثَ فِي كَفَّيْهِ بِقُلْ هُوَ اللَّهُ أَحَدٌ وَبِالْمُعَوِّذَتَيْنِ جَمِيعًا، ثُمَّ يَمْسَحُ بِهِمَا وَجْهَهُ، وَمَا بَلَغَتْ يَدَاهُ مِنْ جَسَدِهِ» قَالَتْ عَائِشَةُ: «فَلَمَّا اشْتَكَى كَانَ يَأْمُرُنِي أَنْ أَفْعَلَ ذَلِكَ بِهِ» قَالَ يُونُسُ: كُنْتُ أَرَى ابْنَ شِهَابٍ يَصْنَعُ ذَلِكَ إِذَا أَتَى إِلَى فِرَاشِهِ


Narrated `Aisha:

Whenever Allah's Messenger (ﷺ) went to bed, he used to recite Surat-al-Ikhlas, and mu`awizatayn (Surat-al-Falaq and Surat-an- Nas) all together,  and then blow on his palms and pass them over his face and those parts of his body that his hands could reach. And when he fell ill, he used to order me to do like that for him.

This is in Saheeh Bukhaari : http://sunnah.com/bukhari/76/63

So this hadeeth shows that surah ikhlaas (qul huwallahu ahad) is different from mu`wizatayn (falaq wan naas) . For more details see the link above. 


Dua # 1 : 

الله أكبر

ALLAHU AKBAR (1 TIME) 

Allah is the Greatest



[Ref : - Sahih Bukhari, tirmidhi, ahmad, Muslim]

Narrated Ibn 'Abbas: I used to recognize the completion of the prayer of the Prophet by hearing takbir. (Sahih Bukhari, Book #12, Hadith #803)

DUA # 2 :

أَسْتَغْفِرُ الله

Astaghfirullaah ( 3 times minimum )
Oh Allah forgive me

[Ref: Muslim 1/414 or Muslim,Book #004, Hadith #1226)]

DUA # 3 :

اللهُمَّ أَنْتَ السَّلاَمُ وَ مِنْكَ السَّلاَمُ تَبَارَكْتَ يَاذَا الْجَلاَلِ وَ الإِكْرَام


Allaahumma anta al-salaam wa minka al-salaam tabaarakta ya dhaa’l-jalaali wa’l-ikraam ( 1 time After every Fardh Salah )
O Allaah, You are the One Who is free from all defects and deficiencies and from You is all peace, blessed are You, O Possessor of majesty and honour
[Ref: - Muslim 1/414, Abu Dawood, Ibn Majah, Tirmidhi, Ahmed]


DUA # 4 :


اللَّهُمَّ أَعِنِّي عَلَى ذِكْرِكَ وَشُكْرِكَ وَحُسْنِ عِبَادَتِكَ



Allahumma A'ainni 'ala zikrika wa shukrika was husni Ibadatik ( 1 time )


O ALLah assist me in remebering you in thanking you and worshipping you in the best of manners



Muadh ibn Jabal (Allah be pleased with him) narrates that the Messenger of Allah (Allah bless him & give him peace) said to him: “I advise you O Muadh that you don’t leave the following words after every prayer: “O Allah, assist me in remembering you, showing gratitude to you and worshipping you in a good manner.” 


[Ref: Sunan Abu Dawud, 2/115 & Sunan Nasa’i, 3/53 ]



DUA # 5 :


لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ اللَّهُ وَحْدَهُ لاَ شَرِيكَ لَهُ لَهُ الْمُلْكُ وَلَهُ الْحَمْدُ وَهُوَ عَلَى كُلِّ شَيْءٍ قَدِيرٌ

اللَّهُمَّ لا مانع لما أعطيتَ ولا مُعطيَ لما منعت، ولا 
ينفع ذا الجَدِّ منك الجَدُّ.

Laa 'ilaaha 'illallaahu wahdahu laa shareeka lahu, lahul-mulku wa lahul-hamdu wa Huwa 'alaa kulli shay'in Qadeer, Allaahumma laa maani'a limaa 'a'tayta, wa laa mu'tiya limaa mana'ta, wa laa yanfa'u thal-jaddi minkal-jadd

None has the right to be worshipped but Allah alone, He has no partner, His is the dominion and His is the praise, and He is Able to do all things. O Allah, there is none who can withhold what You give, and none may give what You have withheld; and the might of the mighty person cannot benefit him against You.

[Reference: Al-Bukhari 1/255, Muslim 1/414 or Sahih al-Bukhari, 11/133 & Sahih Muslim, 5/90]


DUA # 6 :


لا إِلَهَ إِلَّا اللَّهُ وَحْدَهُ لَا شَرِيكَ لَهُ لَهُ الْمُلْكُ وَلَهُ الْحَمْدُ وَهُوَ عَلَى كُلِّ شَيْءٍ قَدِيرٌ لَا حَوْلَ وَلَا قُوَّةَ إِلَّا بِاللَّهِ لَا إِلَهَ إِلَّا اللَّهُ وَلَا نَعْبُدُ إِلَّا إِيَّاهُ لَهُ النِّعْمَةُ وَلَهُ الْفَضْلُ وَلَهُ الثَّنَاءُ الْحَسَنُ لَا إِلَهَ إِلَّا اللَّهُ مُخْلِصِينَ لَهُ الدِّينَ وَلَوْ كَرِهَ الْكَافِرُونَ



Laa 'ilaaha 'illallaahu wahdahu laa shareeka lahu, lahul-mulku, wa lahul-hamdu wa Huwa 'alaa kulli shay 'in Qadeer. Laa hawla wa laa quwwata 'illaa billaahi, laa 'ilaaha 'illallaahu, wa laa na'budu 'illaa 'iyyaahu, lahun-ni'matu wa lahul-fadhlu wa lahuth-thanaa'ul-hasanu, laa 'ilaaha 'illallaahu mukhliseena lahud-deena wa law karihal-kaafiroon.



There is no worthy of being worship but Allaah Alone, with no partner or associate His is the sovereignty and to Him be praise, and He is Able to do all things. There is no power and no strength except with Allaah, and we worship none but Him.  From Him (alone) come all blessings and favors, and all good praise is due to Him. There is no worthy of being worship but Allaah and we make our worship purely for Him (alone) however much the disbelievers may hate that



[Reference: Muslim 1/415 or 935]





DUA # 7 :


لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ اللَّهُ وَحْدَهُ لاَ شَرِيكَ لَهُ لَهُ الْمُلْكُ وَلَهُ الْحَمْدُ يحي و يميت وَهُوَ عَلَى كُلِّ شَيْءٍ قَدِيرٌ.

Laa ilaaha ill-Allaah wahdahu laa shareeka lah, lahu’l-mulk wa lahu’l-hamd yuhyi wa yumeet wa huwa ‘ala kulli shay’in qadeer* 


* = 1 time after every fardh prayer, except Maghrib and Fajr wherein this has to be recited 10 times) 

There is no God but Allaah alone, with no partner or associate, His is the Dominion and to Him be praise, He gives life and gives death, and He has power over all things

[Reference:  Muslim 1/418, Ahmad, At-Tirmithi 5/515, Ahmad 4/227. See its checking in Ibn Al-Qayyim Al-Jawziyyah's Zddul-Ma'ad 1/300]  

Virtue


مَنْ قَالَ لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ اللَّهُ وَحْدَهُ لاَ شَرِيكَ لَهُ لَهُ الْمُلْكُ وَلَهُ الْحَمْدُ يُحْيِي وَيُمِيتُ وَهُوَ عَلَى كُلِّ شَيْءٍ قَدِيرٌ . عَشْرَ مَرَّاتٍ عَلَى إِثْرِ الْمَغْرِبِ بَعَثَ اللَّهُ لَهُ مَسْلَحَةً يَحْفَظُونَهُ مِنَ الشَّيْطَانِ حَتَّى يُصْبِحَ وَكَتَبَ اللَّهُ لَهُ بِهَا عَشْرَ حَسَنَاتٍ مُوجِبَاتٍ وَمَحَا عَنْهُ عَشْرَ سَيِّئَاتٍ مُوبِقَاتٍ وَكَانَتْ لَهُ بِعَدْلِ عَشْرِ رِقَابٍ مُؤْمِنَاتٍ 
Umarah bin Shabib As-Saba’i narrated that the Messenger of Allah said:“Whoever says: none has the right to be worshipped but Allah, Alone, without partner, to Him belongs all that exists, and to Him belongs the praise, He gives life and causes death, and He is powerful over all things, (La Ilaha Illallahu Wahdahu La Sharika Lahu Lahul-Mulku Wa Lahul-Hamdu, Yuhyi Wa Yumitu Wa Huwa ala Kulli Shai’in Qadir)’ ten times at the end of Al-Maghrib - Allah shall send for him protectors to guard him from Shaitan until he reaches morning, and Allah writes for him ten good deeds, Mujibat, and He wipes from him ten of the destructive evil deeds, and it shall be for him the equal of freeing ten believing slaves.” 
[Jami` at-Tirmidhi 3534; 3468; Sunan Ibn Majah 3798; Muwatta Maalik Book 15, Hadith 20; Sahih Muslim Book 35, Hadith 6508, graded as Hassan by Albaani, Ibn Hajar, al-Mundhari and others]

DUA # 8 :

اللهُ لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ هُوَ الْحَيُّ الْقَيُّومُ لاَ تَأْخُذُهُ سِنَةٌ وَلاَ نَوْمٌ لَّهُ مَا فِي السَّمَاوَاتِ وَمَا فِي الأَرْضِ مَن ذَا الَّذِي يَشْفَعُ عِنْدَهُ إِلاَّ بِإِذْنِهِ يَعْلَمُ مَا بَيْنَ أَيْدِيهِمْ وَمَا خَلْفَهُمْ وَلاَ يُحِيطُونَ بِشَىْءٍ مِّنْ عِلْمِهِ إِلاَّ بِمَا شَاء وَسِعَ كُرْسِيُّهُ السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالأَرْضَ وَلاَ يَؤُودُهُ حِفْظُهُمَا وَهُوَ الْعَلِيُّ الْعَظِيمُ


Allaahu laa 'ilaaha 'illaa Huwal-Hayyul-Qayyoom, laa ta'khuthuhu sinatun wa laa nawm, lahu maa fis-samaawaati wa maafil-'ardh, man thal-lathee yashfa'u 'indahu 'illaa bi'ithnih, ya'lamu maa bayna 'aydeehim wa maa khalfahum, wa laa yuheetoona bishay'im-min 'ilmihi 'illaa bimaa shaa'a, wasi'a kursiyyuhus-samaawaati wal'ardh, wa laa ya'ooduhu hifdhuhumaa, wa Huwal-'Aliyyul- 'Adheem.

Allah! There is none worthy of worship but He, the Ever Living, the One Who sustains and protects all that exists. Neither slumber nor sleep overtakes Him. To Him belongs whatever is in the heavens and whatever is on the earth. Who is he that can intercede with Him except with His Permission? He knows what happens to them in this world, and what will happen to them in the Hereafter. And they will never compass anything of His Knowledge except that which He wills. His Throne extends over the heavens and the earth, and He feels no fatigue in guarding and preserving them. And He is the Most High, the Most Great. (Recite in Arabic after each prayer.)

Virtue :  



One who recites Ayatul Kursi after every fardh salah, during death his soul will be taken out as easily as one takes out a strand of hair from dry Flour


Another hadith narrates that nothing will be between him and heaven who recites Ayatul Kursi after ever fardh salat immediately in d position he is seated.



[Reference: Quran - chapter 2 verse 255, An-Nasa'i, 'Amalul-Yawm wal-Laylah (Hadith no. 100), also Ibn As-Sunni (no. 121). See also Al-Albani, Sahihul-Jami' As-Saghir 5/339 and Silsilatul-Ahadith As-Sahihah 2/697 (no. 972), Hakim, Al Tabraani.]





DUA # 9 :




"قُلْ أَعُوذُ بِرَبِّ الْفَلَقِ ۞ مِنْ شَرِّ مَا خَلَقَ ۞ وَمِنْ شَرِّ غَاسِقٍ إِذَا وَقَبَ ۞ وَمِنْ شَرِّ النَّفَّاثَاتِ فِي الْعُقَدِ۞ وَمِنْ شَرِّ حَاسِدٍ إِذَا حَسَدَ".

Surah Al Falaq (usually 1 time after every salah but 3 times after maghrib and fajar). 

Qul 'a'oothu birabbil-falaq. Min sharri maa khalaq. Wa min sharri ghaasiqin 'ithaa waqab. Wa min sharrin-naffaathaati fil-'uqad. Wa min sharri haasidin 'ithaa hasad.

With the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful. Say: I seek refuge with (Allah) the Lord of the daybreak, from the evil of what He has created, and from the evil of the darkening (night) as it comes with its darkness, and from the evil of those who practice witchcraft when they blow in the knots, and from the evil of the envier when he envies.


"قُلْ أَعُوذُ بِرَبِّ النَّاسِ ۞ مَلِكِ النَّاسِ ۞ إِلَهِ النَّاسِ ۞ مِنْ شَرِّ الْوَسْوَاسِ الْخَنَّاسِ ۞ الَّذِي يُوَسْوِسُ فِي صُدُورِ النَّاسِ ۞ مِنَ الْجِنَّةِ وَالنَّاسِ"

Surah Al Naas (usually 1 time after every salah but 3 times after maghrib and fajar). 

Qul 'a'oothu birabbin-naas . Malikin-naas . 'Ilaahin-naas . Min sharril-waswaasil-khannaas. Allathee yuwaswisu fee sudoorin-naas. Minal-jinnati wannaas.

With the Name of Allah , the Most Gracious , the Most Merciful. Say: I seek refuge with (Allah) the Lord of mankind, the King of mankind , the God of mankind , from the evil of the whisperer who withdraws, who whispers in the breasts of mankind, of jinns and men
[Reference:  An Nasai 114: 1-6, Abu Dawud 2/86, An-Nasa'i 3/68. See also Al-Albani, SahihAt-Tirmithi 2/8. ]

 Imaam Ahmad collected a narration mentioning that 'Uqbah ibn 'Aamir (may Allaah be pleased with him) was ordered by the Prophet (sallallaahu 'alayhe wa sallam) to recite the mu'awwithaat (the last three soorahs of the Qur'aan: Ikhlaas, Falaq, and Naas) after each prayer.

[It is #17417 in the Musnad (28/633 of Ar-Risaalah), and Al-Albaanee declared it to be authentic in his checking of Shaykh Al-Islaam's Al-Kalim At-Tayyib (p.114)]

DUA # 10 :


"سُبْحَانَ اللهِ، وَالْحَمْدُ للهِ، وَاللهُ أَكْبَرُ (ثَلَاثاً وَثَلَاثِينَ 33 times)

 لَا إِلَهَ إِلَّا اللهُ وَحْدَهُ لَا شَرِيكَ لَهُ، لَهُ الْمُلْكُ وَلَهُ الْحَمْدُ وَهُوَ عَلَى كُلِّ شَيْءٍ قَدِيرٌ".


Subhaanallaahi, walhamdu lillaahi wallaahu 'Akbar ( 33 times) 

Or 

  سُبْحَانَ الله Subanhallah (33 times)

الْحَمِدُ للهِ    Alhumdulillah (33 times)
   
اللهَ اَكْبَر    Allahu Akbar (33 times)

After you complete the above (i.e 33+33+33 = 99 times) then say once :



لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ اللَّهُ وَحْدَهُ لاَ شَرِيكَ لَهُ لَهُ الْمُلْكُ وَلَهُ الْحَمْدُ وَهُوَ عَلَى كُلِّ شَيْءٍ قَدِيرٌ


Laa ilaaha ill-Allaah wahdahu laa shareeka lah, lahu’l-mulk wa lahu’l-hamd wa huwa ‘ala kulli shay’in qadeer ( V IMP - 1 time )

There is no god but Allaah Alone, with no partner or associate His is the sovereignty and to Him be praise, and He is Able to do all things.


Virtue : 

Whoever says 'Glory be to Allah' (Subhana'llah) thirty- three times and 'Allah is Greater' (Allahu akbar) thirty-three times and 'Praise be to Allah' (al-hamdu lillah) thirty-three times, and seals the hundred with 'There is no god but Allah, alone without any partner. The Kingdom and praise belong to Him and He has power over everything' (La ilaha illa'llah, wahdahu la sharika lah, lahu'l mulku wa lahu'l hamd, wa huwa ala kulli shay'in qadir) after every prayer will have his wrong actions forgiven him even if they are abundant as the foam on the sea."


[Ref: Muwatta Malik Book 15, Hadith 22, Bukhaari, Muslim 1/418, and Others]




DUA # 11 :

اللّهُـمَّ إِنِّـي أَسْأَلُـكَ عِلْمـاً نافِعـاً وَرِزْقـاً طَيِّـباً ، وَعَمَـلاً مُتَقَـبَّلاً

Allaahumma 'innee 'as'aluka 'ilman naafi'an, wa rizqan tayyiban, wa 'amalan mutaqabbalan.

O Allah, I ask You for knowledge that is of benefit , a good provision , and deeds that will be accepted. (Recite in Arabic after the Fajr prayer.)

Reference: Ibn Majah and others. See Al-Albani, Sahih Ibn Majah 1/152 and Majma'uz-Zawd'id 10/111.


DUA # 12:

Sa`d used to teach his sons the following words as a teacher teaches his students the skill of writing and used to say that Allah's Messenger () used to seek Refuge with Allah from them (i.e. the evils) at the end of every prayer. The words are





 اللَّهُمَّ إِنِّي أَعُوذُ بِكَ مِنَ الْجُبْنِ، وَأَعُوذُ بِكَ أَنْ أُرَدَّ إِلَى أَرْذَلِ الْعُمُرِ، وَأَعُوذُ بِكَ مِنْ فِتْنَةِ الدُّنْيَا، وَأَعُوذُ بِكَ مِنْ عَذَابِ الْقَبْرِ



O Allah! I seek refuge with You from cowardice, and seek refuge with You from being brought back to a bad stage of old life and seek refuge with You from the afflictions of the world, and seek refuge with You from the punishments in the grave.


[Saheeh al Bukhaari, Vol. 4, Book 52, Hadith 76]


DUA # 13: 


(2972)- [3488] حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو كَامِلٍ، وَأَحْمَدُ بْنُ مَالِكٍ، وَاللَّفْظُ لأَحْمَدَ، قَالا: حَدَّثَنَا يَزِيدُ بْنُ زُرَيْعِ، قَالَ: نا حُسَيْنٌ الْمُعَلِّمُ، عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ بُرَيْدَةَ، عَنْ بُشَيْرِ بْنِ كَعْبٍ، عَنْ شَدَّادِ بْنِ أَوْسٍ رَضِيَ اللَّهُ عَنْهُ، أَنّ النَّبِيَّ K قَالَ: " سَيِّدُ الاسْتِغْفَارِ إِذَا انْصَرَفَ أَحَدُكُمْ مِنْ صَلاتِهِ أَنْ يَقُولَ: اللَّهُمَّ أَنْتَ خَلَقْتَنِي وَأَنَا عَبْدُكَ أَنَا عَلَى عَهْدِكَ وَوَعْدِكَ مَا اسْتَطَعْتُ، أَعُوذُ بِكَ مِنْ شَرِّ مَا صَنَعْتُ، أَبُوءُ بِنِعْمَتِكَ عَلَيَّ، وَأَبُوءُ بِذَنْبِي فَاغْفِرْ لِي، إِنَّهُ لا يَغْفِرُ الذُّنُوبَ إِلا أَنْتَ ".

[ ج  8 : ص  416 ]

 وَهَذَا الْحَدِيثُ لا نَعْلَمُهُ يُرْوَى بِهَذَا اللَّفْظِ إِلا عَنْ شَدَّادِ بْنِ أَوْسٍ، وَهَذَا الإِسْنَادُ مِنْ أَحْسَنِ إِسْنَادٍ يُرْوَى عَنْ شَدَّادٍ، وَأَشَدِّهِ اتَّصَالا عَنْهُ

[Ref: Musnad Bazzar ] 

Shadad ibn Aws radhiallahu `anhu said : When the prophet (s.a.w) used to finish his prayer, he used to say : 

اللَّهُمَّ أَنْتَ خَلَقْتَنِي وَأَنَا عَبْدُكَ أَنَا عَلَى عَهْدِكَ وَوَعْدِكَ مَا اسْتَطَعْتُ، أَعُوذُ بِكَ مِنْ شَرِّ مَا صَنَعْتُ، أَبُوءُ بِنِعْمَتِكَ عَلَيَّ، وَأَبُوءُ بِذَنْبِي فَاغْفِرْ لِي، إِنَّهُ لا يَغْفِرُ الذُّنُوبَ إِلا أَنْتَ ".


Oh Allah,You created me and I am Your servant. and I abide to Your covenant and promise [to honor it] as best I can, I take refuge in You from the evil of which I committed. I acknowledge Your favor upon me, and I acknowledge my sin, so forgive me, for verily none can forgive sins except You.

Virtue : 

If somebody recites it during the day with firm faith in it and dies on the same day before the evening, he will be from the people of Paradise and if somebody recites it at night with firm faith in it and dies before the morning he will be from the people of Paradise."

[Ref: Sahih Al-Bukhari, Volume 8, Book 75, Number 318]

This benefit was brought to my notice by brother Aijaz Shaikh. 

DUA # 14


Imaam an-Nasa`ee in his Sunan as-sughra, under the book of forgetfulness (kitaab as-sahw) brings a chapter titled : 



باب نَوْعٌ آخَرُ مِنَ الذِّكْرِ بَعْدَ التَّسْلِيمِ

Chapter: Another kind of remembrance after the taslim

Under this he brings this hasan hadeeth : 

 عَنْ عَائِشَةَ، أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم كَانَ إِذَا جَلَسَ مَجْلِسًا أَوْ صَلَّى تَكَلَّمَ بِكَلِمَاتٍ فَسَأَلَتْهُ عَائِشَةُ عَنِ الْكَلِمَاتِ فَقَالَ ‏ "‏ إِنْ تَكَلَّمَ بِخَيْرٍ كَانَ طَابِعًا عَلَيْهِنَّ إِلَى يَوْمِ الْقِيَامَةِ وَإِنْ تَكَلَّمَ بِغَيْرِ ذَلِكَ كَانَ كَفَّارَةً لَهُ سُبْحَانَكَ اللَّهُمَّ وَبِحَمْدِكَ أَسْتَغْفِرُكَ وَأَتُوبُ إِلَيْكَ ‏"‏ ‏.‏


It was narrated from Aishah that:

When the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) sat in a gathering or  prayed something, he finished it with some words, and 'Aishah asked him about those words. He said: "If he has spoken some good words (and he says this statement of remembrance), it will be a seal for them to preserve them until the Day of Resurrection, and if he has said something other than that, it (these words) will be an expiation for him: 

سُبْحَانَكَ اللَّهُمَّ وَبِحَمْدِكَ أَسْتَغْفِرُكَ وَأَتُوبُ إِلَيْكَ

'Subhanak Allahumma wa bihamdika, astaghfiruka wa atubu ilayk (Glory and praise be to You, O Allah, I seek Your forgiveness and I repent to You.)

[Ref: Sunan an-Nasa`ee (1344)] 


Imaam Nasa`ee in his Sunan al-Kubra, he brings a chapter titled :  مَا تَخْتِمُ بِهِ تِلَاوَةَ الْقُرْآنِ  - what is the recitation of qur`an ended with 

and under this chapter he brings this similar hadeeth (as shown above) 

10067 - أَخْبَرَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ سَهْلِ بْنِ عَسْكَرٍ قَالَ حَدَّثَنَا ابْنُ أَبِي مَرْيَمَ قَالَ: أخْبَرَنَا خَلَّادُ بْنُ سُلَيْمَانَ أَبُو سُلَيْمَانَ قَالَ: حَدَّثَنِي خَالِدُ بْنُ أَبِي عِمْرَانَ، عَنْ عُرْوَةَ بْنِ الزُّبَيْرِ، عَنْ عَائِشَةَ قَالَتْ: مَا جَلَسَ رَسُولُ اللهِ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ مَجْلِسًا قَطُّ، وَلَا تَلَا قُرْآنًا، وَلَا صَلَّى صَلَاةً إِلَّا خَتَمَ ذَلِكَ بِكَلِمَاتٍ قَالَتْ: فَقُلْتُ: يَا رَسُولَ اللهِ، أَرَاكَ مَا تَجْلِسُ مَجْلِسًا، وَلَا تَتْلُو قُرْآنًا، وَلَا تُصَلِّي صَلَاةً إِلَّا خَتَمْتَ بِهَؤُلَاءِ الْكَلِمَاتِ؟ قَالَ: " نَعَمْ، مَنْ قَالَ خَيْرًا خُتِمَ لَهُ طَابَعٌ عَلَى ذَلِكَ الْخَيْرِ، وَمَنْ قَالَ شَرًّا كُنَّ لَهُ كَفَّارَةً: سُبْحَانَكَ وَبِحَمْدِكَ، لَا إِلَهَ إِلَّا أَنْتَ، أَسْتَغْفِرُكَ وَأَتُوبُ إِلَيْكَ " .


Āʾishah [may Allāh be pleased with her] said:

“The Messenger of Allāh would not sit in a sitting, nor recite Qurʾān nor pray a prayer except that he would end it with certain words.” She said: “So I said: O Messenger of Allāh, I see that you do not sit in a sitting nor recite Qurʾān nor pray a prayer except that you end it with these words?”

He [praise and security of Allāh be upon him] said:

“Yes, whoever said anything good, a seal is placed upon that good for him and whoever said any evil it is expiation for him:

سُبْحَانَكَ اللّٰهُمَّ وَبِحَمْدِكَ، لا إِلٰهَ إِلَّا أَنْتَ، أَسْتَغْفِرُكَ وَأَتُوبُ إِلَيْكَ

{O Allāh, far removed are You from any imperfection and praise to You, there is none worthy of worship except You, I seek Your forgiveness and repent to You}.”

Translation of the above hadeeth is taken from istiqaamah.net

Tahkeeq : 

إسناده صحيح: أخرجه النسائي في "السنن الكبرى" (9/123/10067)، والطبراني في "الدعاء" (رقم1912)، والسمعاني في "أدب الإملاء والاستملاء" (ص75)، وابن ناصر الدين في "خاتمة توضيح المشتبه" (9/282).
وقال الحافظ ابن حجر في "النكت" (2/733): [إسناده صحيح]، وقال الشيخ الألباني في "الصحيحة" (7/495): [هذا إسنادٌ صحيحٌ أيضاً على شرط مسلم]، وقال الشيخ مُقْبِل الوادعي في "الجامع الصحيح مما ليس في الصحيحين" (2/128): [هذا حديثٌ صحيحٌ].

It's chain of narration is saheeh. Reported by An-Nasa`ee in sunan al-Kubra, and tabraani in his book ad-du`a (1912) and Sam`ani in 'Adab al-Imaam..(page 75), Ibn Naasir ad-deen in خاتمة توضيح المشتبه ; 


Ibn Hajar sahid in Nukbat (2/733) that its sanad is saheeh. Shaykh Albaanee in Saheeha (7/495) said its chain is on the conditions of Muslims and Shaykh Mubqil bin Haade said in his Jaami` as-saheeha (2/128) that is hadeeth is saheeh. 

Also these words " سُبْحَانَكَ اللَّهُمَّ وَبِحَمْدِكَ أَسْتَغْفِرُكَ وَأَتُوبُ إِلَيْكَ " is something which the prophet (s.a.w) started reciting almost every time throughought the day during his last years. The different ahadeeth that come under the asbaab an-Nuzool of surah "

 {إِذَا جَآءَ نَصْرُ ٱللَّهِ وَٱلْفَتْحُ (1) وَرَأَيْتَ ٱلنَّاسَ يَدْخُلُونَ فِى دِينِ ٱللَّهِ أَفْوَاجًا (2) فَسَبِّحْ بِحَمْدِ رَبِّكَ وَٱسْتَغْفِرْهُۚ إِنَّهُۥ كَانَ تَوَّابَۢا(3)} .

show that the prophet (s.a.w) supplicated these words of du`a more often than we can count. Be if after any prayer, or recitation of Qur`an or getting up from a gathering or in rukoo` and sujood , the prophet (s.a.w) recited this du`a 



سُبْحَانَكَ اللّٰهُمَّ وَبِحَمْدِكَ، لا إِلٰهَ إِلَّا أَنْتَ، أَسْتَغْفِرُكَ وَأَتُوبُ إِلَيْكَ

The ahadeeth report that the prophet (s.a.w) recieved an indication from Allah that he will soon see a sign and the prophet (s.a.w) thus said that the above surah was a sign in itself plus he was shown other signs, so everytime he saw a sign in his Ummah which was promised by Allah he used to exert himself with this du`a. 

The different ahadeeth on this topic can be read from here under the post of Ustadh Abu Muslim: http://www.ahlalhdeeth.com/vb/showthread.php?t=311622

An abriged English version of some of the ahadeeth in the above arabic thread can be read from here : http://sunnah.com/riyadussaliheen/1/114


A DU`A TO BE RECITED AFTER FAJR ESPECIALLY

On the authority of Ummu Salamah-Allaah is pleased with her-, that if the Prophet- peace is is upon him- prayed Fajr, he would say upon Tasleem : “O Allaah, I ask you a beneficial knowledge, a good provision and an accepted deed”

This hadeeth is collected by Ibn Maajah no 762 or Vol. 1, Book 5, Hadith 925 . Al-Albaanee rahimahul-llaah authenticated it and commented in Takhreeju Mishkaatil-MaSaabeeh no 2432: the chain of hadeeth is subject to reviewing, However, At-Tabaraanee collected it in an authentic chain in the text “he used to say afetr Fajr”.  Alee bin SulTaan AL-Qaaree rahimahul-llaah said in Mirqaatul-MaFaateeH:  good provision i.e. lawful.

Arabic text with transliteration:

عَنْ أمّ سلمة-رضي الله عنها- أنّ النّبي-صلّى الله عليه وسلم - كانَ يقولُ إذا صلَّى الصُّبحَ حينَ يسلِّمُ:

“اللَّهمَّ إنِّي أسألُكَ عِلمًا نافعًا ورزقًا طيِّبًا وعملًا متقبَّلًا”.

ابن ماجه رقم 762 وصحّحه الألباني في تخريج مشكاة المصابيح رقم 2432 بلفظ “كان يقول بعد الفجر”.

Allaahumma, innee as’aluka ‘ilman naafi’an, wa rizqan Taiyyiban, wa ‘amalan mutaqabbalan

BONUS - DHIKR - THIS IS FOR FARDH & NAFIL


‘Abd-Allaah ibn ‘Amr (may Allaah be pleased with him) who said: “The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: ‘There are two qualities, no Muslim man acquires them but he will enter Paradise, and they are simple and easy. 

Quality # 1 : 

He should glorify Allaah (say Subhaan Allaah) ten times immediately after each prayer, and praise Him (say Al-hamdu Lillaah) ten times and magnify Him (say Allaahu akbar) ten times.’ I saw the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) counting this on his fingers. He said: ‘That makes one hundred and fifty on the tongue, and one thousand five hundred (hasanaat) in the scales. 

[Translator’s note: each of three phrases repeated ten times makes thirty; multiplied by the number of daily prayers, which is five, makes one hundred and fifty. Each of these good deeds of the tongue will be rewarded with (a minimum of) ten hasanaat (and max could be of 700 times) which will be added to the total of good deeds to be weighed in the balance or scales on the Day of Judgement]. 

Quality # 2 : (THIS IS NOT RELATED TO OUR TOPIC IN THIS BLOG POST) 

When you go to bed, glorify Him and praise Him and magnify Him one hundred times: that will be one hundred on the tongue and a thousand in the scales. Who among you does two thousand and five hundred sayi’aat (bad deeds) in one day?’ They said: ‘How could we not count (our sins)?’ He said: ‘The Shaytaan comes to any one of you whilst he is praying and says, Remember this, remember that, until he finishes his prayer and does not do (this dhikr), or he comes to him when he is lying down and makes him sleepy, until he falls asleep (without doing this dhikr).’” 

(Abu ‘Eesaa Al Tirmidhi said: This is a hasan saheeh hadeeth. Sunan al-Tirmidhi, 3332).


you might also find the below useful :

SPECIFIC PROOFS FOR RAISING HANDS AFTER SALAH TO MAKE DUA'A
.


DU`AS FROM THE SAHAABA AND OTHERS AMONG OUR SALAF 


DUA # 15


ﺣَﺪَّﺛَﻨَﺎ ﻭَﻛِﻴﻊٌ ، ﻋَﻦ ﻳُﻮﻧُﺲَ ﺑْﻦِ ﺃَﺑِﻲ ﺇِﺳْﺤَﺎﻕَ ، ﻋَﻦْ ﺃَﺑِﻲ ﺑَﻜْﺮِ ﺑْﻦِ ﺃَﺑِﻲ ﻣُﻮﺳَﻰ ، ﻋَﻦْ ﺃَﺑِﻲ ﻣُﻮﺳَﻰ ، ﺃَﻧَّﻪُ ﻛَﺎﻥَ ﻳَﻘُﻮﻝُ ﺇﺫَﺍ ﻓَﺮَﻍَ ﻣِﻦْ ﺻَﻼﺗِﻪِ : ﺍﻟﻠَّﻬُﻢَّ ﺍﻏْﻔِﺮْ ﻟِﻲ ﺫَﻧْﺒِﻲ ﻭَﻳَﺴِّﺮْ ﻟِﻲ ﺃَﻣْﺮِﻱ ، ﻭَﺑَﺎﺭِﻙْ ﻟِﻲ ﻓِﻲ ﺭِﺯْﻗِﻲ


Abu Musa Ashari radhiallahu anhu , after his prayer used to say : 


 ﺍﻟﻠَّﻬُﻢَّ ﺍﻏْﻔِﺮْ ﻟِﻲ ﺫَﻧْﺒِﻲ ﻭَﻳَﺴِّﺮْ ﻟِﻲ ﺃَﻣْﺮِﻱ ، ﻭَﺑَﺎﺭِﻙْ ﻟِﻲ ﻓِﻲ ﺭِﺯْﻗِﻲ


Oh Allah forgive my sins, Make my affairs easy (For me) and bless me in my sustenance (provision)


[Ref: Musannaf ibn Abi Shaybah (29865) - Via Aijaz Shaikh) ] 



DUA # 16


I requested the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) to teach me a supplication which I could recite in my Salat (prayer). Thereupon he said, "Recite: 


اللَّهُمَّ إِنِّي ظَلَمْتُ نَفْسِي ظُلْمًا كَثِيرًا وَلاَ يَغْفِرُ الذُّنُوبَ إِلاَّ أَنْتَ فَاغْفِرْ لِي مَغْفِرَةً مِنْ عِنْدِكَ وَارْحَمْنِي إِنَّكَ أَنْتَ الْغَفُورُ الرَّحِيمُ 



 (O Allah! I have considerably wronged myself. There is none to forgive the sins but You. So grant me pardon and have mercy on me. You are the Most Forgiving, the Most Compassionate)."'

[Bukhaari, Muslim, Nasa`ee, others]


11 comments:

  1. No offence, just wanted to point: Dua 9 teaches that Suras Ikh-las, Falaq and Naas can be read after "every" Salah (i.e. every Fardh Salah). But the answer before Dua 1 teaches that the 3 Suras are "only" for morning and evening.

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Assalamu `Alaykum.

      {{But the answer before Dua 1 teaches that the 3 Suras are "only" for morning and evening}}

      that was the fatwa of shaykh muhammad based on his ijtihaad that the ahadeeth are weak. However, in the reference (footnote section) under reference [6] we have mentioned :

      [6] Imaam Ahmad collected a narration mentioning that 'Uqbah ibn 'Aamir (may Allaah be pleased with him) was ordered by the Prophet (sallallaahu 'alayhe wa sallam) to recite the mu'awwithaat (the last three soorahs of the Qur'aan: Ikhlaas, Falaq, and Naas) after each prayer. It is #17417 in the Musnad (28/633 of Ar-Risaalah), and Al-Albaanee declared it to be authentic in his checking of Shaykh Al-Islaam's Al-Kalim At-Tayyib (p.114).

      Which shows that it is authentic and it is what is the opinion of the jumhoor . So it is upto the reader if he wants to follow the majority or the fatwa of shaykh muhammad.

      wallahu `alam.

      and correcting me is no offence brother/sister. it's a gift. barakallahu feek

      Delete
    2. Brother, what I can see and I know my best is that there is no contradiction in between two narrations. you can act upon both with no harms. You can read these three 'Qul's three times at morning and evening as the adhkar of morning & evening and after every salah once but three times after salatul fajr and maghrib as adhkar after fard salah. so if you read three times after salatul fajr and three times after salatul maghrib then there is two ways benefit; you are getting rewards as reading adhkar or days & night and as well as adhkar after fard salah. I hope you this explanation will help you to resolve your issue mentioned above.

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  2. http://the-finalrevelation.blogspot.in/2012/09/duas-to-be-recited-after-every-fardh.html
    Section "WHY DUA MAY NOT BE ANSWERED" says rules like sending Salawat/Durood before Dua.
    Is the rule applicable for the Duas after Salah also ?
    If so, are there any such Salawat in the Sunnah ?

    Also, many articles of this site can have summary (sometimes, Table of Contents does the work of Summary)
    The summary can be at start of page for viewers to read quickly.

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. yes this is generally applicable. Salawat or durood in general means sending peace and blessings upon the prophet or supplicating to that effect. you can do it with any words/languague you want. or simply keep it to allahumma sallay wa baarik `ala muhammad (oh allah send peace and blessings upon Muhammad)

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  3. Can I get the english transcript of Dua 16 please?

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    Replies
    1. Assalamu `Alaykum . It is very very important that you , if you know how to read `Arabic even normally then you OUGHT to read the du`a in the arabic language. Because the arabic alphabets have a very specific pronounciation which cannot be transcribed into english with perfection. Therefore a high chance remains that you mis-pronounce a word/alphabet and eventually change the whole meaning. So please make sure if you know arabic then read it in arabic. copy the arabic script, paste it in microsoft word or any other notepad. increase the size 10 folds so you can read easily.

      here is the english approximation

      Allahumma inni zalamtu nafsi zulman kaseeran wala yagh-firuz zunooba illa anta . Fagh firli maghfiratan min `Indika warhamni innaka antal ghafoorur raheem

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  4. Masha Allah these are every nice Duas. I have tried to make it more easy for Muslims to recite on smart phones "salah & Dua" https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=com.kwick.islamicapp

    ReplyDelete
  5. Mashallah may Allah reward you amiin

    ReplyDelete
  6. Do you have to say all the duas after salah?

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. @Ibra : dua#1 to dua #10 are also enough . those who want make complete the full list. Note that this is a sunnah that has many virtues . However it is not mandatory (fardh) to do the adhkar after every salah.

      Delete

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